Less than a month after the administration of President José Pedro Castillo Teron, represented his Cabinet last week, headed by the Prime Minister, Guido Peledo Ugarte, before the plenary session of the Congress of the Republic presenting nearly 3 hours and intense discussion for two consecutive days the guidelines of its administration for the period 2021 – 2026, and obtain a vote of confidence, a basic constitutional requirement for the Cabinet to continue in office.
Although Peledo’s speech was perceived as lacking direction and explicitly avoiding mentioning the Constituent Assembly, as well as much questionable constitutional reform, his intervention was accented on a series of social order measures, such as the guarantee of pensions for orphans due to COVID, and the creation of a national welfare system and strengthening the fight against national and transnational bribery. While, on economic issues, the focus will be on revitalizing the economy, the mining and hydrocarbon sector, job creation and public investment, noting also that they will promote the elimination of the financial gap, through a bill that will allow Banco de la Nación to put itself on a par with private banking traditional.
The prime minister also referred to agriculture and assured that a second agrarian reform would be implemented, which would not attempt to expropriate land “but to provide high-quality services to the countryside, and to strengthen cooperation and cooperation” for farmers.
Regarding the mining and hydrocarbons sector, Peledo Ugarte said that the state will participate in all activities of the sector to increase competition and achieve higher income for development projects. At the same time, he noted that public and private exploration will be promoted in order to revalue deposits and increase reserves, and anticipate the restructuring of the Peruvian state-owned company Petróleos del Perú -Petroperú “to make it more effective and efficient, thus strengthening he-she.” In mining matters, a new agreement will be created between the government and companies, indicating that a public-private alliance project will be promoted between the mining node of the southern Andes and the port of Marcona.
Regarding the pension system reform, the Prime Minister indicated that the government will work to promote the reform, as only 27% of the elderly have a pension in both the public and private systems, a situation that has sparked huge discontent among the citizens. The majority of the population by not incorporating the huge number of self-employed and informal sector workers, who remain excluded. For this reason, the formation of the National Committee for the National Pension System will be planned to prepare a system proposal, which will consist of the executive branch, the legislative branch, and retirees.
The issue which celebrated the day and did not go unnoticed at the beginning of Guido Peledo’s intervention, was the explicit request of the President of the Congress, Maria del Carmen Alva, who asked him to stop giving his speech in Quechua and carry it out in Castilian because they did not understand it; Although the political constitution of Peru establishes the Castilian language as official languages and in the regions where it predominates, so do Quechua, Aymara and other languages.
Thus, after a lengthy and frontal debate, the whole assembly pretended and against all odds, decided to give confidence to the Council of Ministers headed by Peledo Ugarte, by 73 votes in favour, 50 against, and none abstained, and left this vote. The way, he said, the ministerial cabinet is empowered to exercise its functions in accordance with the current constitutional procedure. The vote consisted as follows: Peru Libre (ruling party): 36 in favour, Popular Power (opposing Fujimori): 24 against; Popular Action: 12 in favor; Alliance for Progress: 13 in favor, 2 against; Avanza Pais – Social Integration Party: 10 against; Popular Renewal: 9 against; We are Peru – Purple Party: 5 in favor, 4 against; We can Peru: 2 in favor, 1 against and together for Peru: 5 in favor.
In the event that the above-mentioned scenario is contrary, according to the bylaws of Congress, if confidence in the Ministerial Cabinet is rejected, he must resign before the President of the Republic, who must approve the decision and form a new government. On the other hand, the political constitution of Peru states that when the national parliament denies the confidence of two different chambers, “the President of the Republic has the right to dissolve the Congress.”
Finally, today, both powers are called and obligated to put aside positions of perpetual confrontation, to put aside positions and interests, and to put their own people, the Peruvians, in the center above everyone else. The stake must be a government of unity, tolerance, honest engagement and trust, but above all, on major agreements.
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