June 23, 2024

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Two Argentine lakes are ranked among the 10 deepest lakes in the world

Two Argentine lakes are ranked among the 10 deepest lakes in the world

Lake Viedma is one of the deepest lakes in the world (Getty)

In stunning landscapes Argentine PatagoniaTwo lakes stand out among the deepest lakes in the world: Lake Lake Viedma and Lake San Martin (Also known as Lake O’Higgins). These natural wonders not only offer incomparable scenic beauty, but are also geographical and scientific landmarks of great importance. This information was revealed thanks to a group of Researchers During an expedition to Los Glaciares National Park that was funded by UNCUYO International Geoscience Centre They placed these Argentine lakes in the top ten.

Here you can see Lake Viedma, the fourth deepest lake in the world (Getty)

Located in the province Santa Cruzin Ocean Los Glaciares National Park, he Lake Viedma It is one of the natural gems in Patagonia. This majestic body of water is fed by the melting glaciers in the region, including the Viedma Glacier, which is one of the main sources of its flow.

With amazing depth 900 metresViedma is the deepest lake in Argentina and the American continent. Globally, it ranks fourth thanks to its unique characteristics. Its length covers 80 kilometers, and its maximum width is 15 kilometers, and its banks are decorated with picturesque forests that complement the clarity of its turquoise waters.

The waters of Lake Viedma join Lake Argentina It is crossed by the Leona River, forming a vital water system for the region. According to recent research by the UNCUYO International Center for Geosciences, the depth of the lake is partly due to the area previously occupied by the glacier of the same name. These data issued in 2022 reinforce the importance of Lake Viedma in geographical and environmental studies.

This is Lake O’Higgins, the sixth deepest lake in the world (Getty)

The second Patagonian lake on this prestigious list is Lake San Martin, otherwise known as Lake O’Higgins In Chile. This transboundary body of water is also located Santa Cruz It extends towards the Chile region Essen. The height of this lake 255 metresIts total area is 1,013 square kilometers, of which 554 square kilometers are in Chile and the remaining 459 square kilometers are in Argentina.

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Lake San Martin is fed by Mayer and Chacabuco Riversand reaches its maximum depth 836 metresRegistered on the Chilean side. This natural majesty occupies Sixth place It is in the world rankings of the deepest lakes, and its stunning views attract tourists and scientists alike.

The lake is known for its stunning beauty and remarkable biodiversity, with the landscape ranging from snow-capped mountains to native forests. This ecological diversity is crucial to the preservation of many animal and plant species, and the lake itself is an important water source for the region.

he Lake BaikalLocated in eastern Siberia, Russia, it is not only known as the largest lake In the depths of the world It is 1,642 meters high, but it is also the largest freshwater reserve on the Eurasian continent, containing nearly 23,000 cubic kilometers of water, accounting for 20% of worldwide freshwater reserves.

Lake Baikal was formed as a result of tectonic processes about 25 million years ago, and is also the largest lake ancient of the planet. This geological phenomenon continues to cause the banks of Lake Baikal to rise by 2 cm every year, leading some scientists to speculate that in the future, hundreds of thousands of years later, it could become a sea or even an ocean.

The climate around Lake Baikal has special characteristics due to the huge amounts of water it contains. These act as a great natural stabilizer, creating a coastal microclimate characterized by warmer winters and cooler summers compared to surrounding areas, such as the city of IrkutskIt is located only 70 kilometers from the lake. During the summer, temperatures can reach 35 degrees Celsius.

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In winter, the waters of Lake Baikal are covered with incredibly clear and smooth ice. The temperature on the surface of the lake in this season is approximately -21°CAnd on the banks it can range from five to 10 degrees Celsius higherwith an average ranging between -10°C and -17°C. Due to the low rate of evaporation, clouds rarely form over the lake, which contributes to the high duration of sunshine and few cloudy days in the region.

People enjoy good weather on ice-covered Lake Baikal near the Siberian city of Listvyanka. March 13, 2019. (Reuters)
  1. Lake Baikal – Russia – 1642 meters
  2. Lake Tanganyika – Tanzania, Congo, Burundi and Zambia – 1470 metres
  3. Caspian sea – Iran, Russia, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan – 1025 metres
  4. Lake Viedma – Argentina – 900 metres
  5. Lake Vostok – Antarctica – 900 metres
  6. Lake O’Higgins – Argentina and Chile – 836 metres
  7. Lake Malawi – Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania 706 metres
  8. Lake Issyk-Kul – Kyrgyzstan – 702 meters
  9. Great Slave Lake – Canada – 614 metres
  10. Crater Lake – United States – 594 metres