Positive opening of Hang Seng (Hong Kong)Which begins on Monday, November 13, with slight increases 0.44%even the 17,279.47 pointsThis is after the beginning of the opening session. If we compare the data with previous days,… Hang Seng (Hong Kong) It crosses the negative line of market prices in the past four days.
Regarding last week, Hang Seng (Hong Kong) Record a decrease in 3.82%; Despite this, on an annual basis, it still maintains an increase in 11.8%. he Hang Seng (Hong Kong) A. is located 23.84% Below this year’s maximum (22688.90 points) and a 1.69% Higher than its minimum price so far this year (16,991.53 points).
Stock index It is an indicator that measures the development of the price of a specific group of assetsSo it uses data from several companies or sectors in a part of the market.
These indicators are mainly used by each country’s stock exchanges Each of them can be combined by companies with certain characteristics Such as having a similar market value or belonging to the same type of business. There are also some indicators that take into account only a handful of stocks to determine their value, or other indicators that take into account hundreds of stocks.
Stock market indices act as Stock market confidence index, business confidence, national and global economic health, and stock investment performance And company shares. If investors lack confidence, the value of stocks tends to decline.
Likewise, they work to measure Asset manager performance Allow investors to compare return and risk; Measure financial asset opportunities or create portfolios.
This type of indicator began to be used at the end of the nineteenth century Journalist Charles H. Dao. He noticed carefully how the stock prices of companies tended to rise or fall together, so he created two indices: one containing the 20 most important railroad companies (because they were the most important industry at the time), plus 12 stocks from other types of companies
Currently in humanity there are various indications and They can be linked based on their location, sectors, company size or also asset typeFor example, the US Nasdaq index consists of the 100 largest companies largely related to technology such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), Tesla (TSLA), Nvidia ( NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADBE).
Each stock index has its own method of calculationBut the main component is the market capitalization of each company that comprises it. This is obtained by multiplying the daily value of the bond on the corresponding stock market by the total number of shares in the market.
Required by companies listed on the stock market Provide balance Of its composition. The said report must be submitted every three or six months, as appropriate.
Reading a stock index also requires paying attention to its changes over time. Current indices always start with a fixed value based on security prices On the start date, but not everyone follows this method. Therefore, it can be misleading.
If one index increases by 500 points in one day, while another adds only 20 points, it may appear that the first index performed better. But if the first started the day at 30 thousand points and the other at 300 points, it is possible to conclude, in percentage terms, that the gains of the second were more significant.
between the Major US stock indices There is the Dow Jones Industrial Average, commonly known as… Dow Jones, consisting of 30 companies. Likewise, the Standard & Poor’s 500Which includes 500 of the largest companies on the New York Stock Exchange. Finally, we must mention Nasdaq 100which includes 100 of the largest non-financial companies.
On the other hand, the most important indicators Europe she Eurostock 50, which covers the 50 most important companies in the euro area. Furthermore it, DAX 30It is the main German index that contains the most prominent companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange. the FTSE 100 index From the London Stock Exchange; he CAC 40 From the Paris Stock Exchange; And the Ibex 35from the Spanish stock market.
in AsiaThe main stock indices are Nikki 225, consisting of the 225 largest companies on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. And there too SSE Composite Index, which can be considered the most solid in China, consists of the most relevant companies on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. The same role he played Hang Seong Index In Hong Kong and Cosby In South Korea.
We’re talking about Latin America regionYou have Consumer price indexwhich contains The 35 most consolidated companies on the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV). At least a third of them are part of the ownership of businessman Carlos Slim.
Another is Bovespa, consisting of the 50 most important companies on the São Paulo Stock Exchange; he Merval From Argentina; he IPSA From Chile; he MSCI COOLCAP From Colombia; he cry Caracas, consisting of 6 companies from Venezuela.
Finally, there are other types of global stock indices such as MSCI Latin AmericaWhich includes the most important 137 companies in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.
Likewise, there MSCI WorldWhich includes 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; he MSCI Emerging MarketsIt consists of more than 800 companies from developing countries; And the Standard & Poor’s Global 100consisting of the 100 most powerful multinational companies on the entire planet.
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