Written by Antonio Rondon Garcia – .
Havana-. The defeat of the United States in Afghanistan is the result of 20 years of a policy of aggression that seems to highlight the first moves of a geopolitical council with the participation of many.
The invasion began in October 2001 by the United States in the midst of introducing a new enemy that would from then on justify the interventions and war expenditures: international terrorism.
It is not a question of denying the threat posed by the actions of terrorist groups, many of which arose in the West to justify the existence of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), waiting for its new enemy, after the disappearance of the Soviet Union.
If you look at it from this point of view, Afghanistan partially accomplished that task, during which the United States lost nearly three thousand soldiers, but it also caused the deaths of more than 150 thousand people and 11 million refugees, while spending more than two. billion dollars in two decades.
But the Asian country appears to have wealth that powers like the United States are not willing to share with others, experts say.
According to RIA Novosti journalist Sergey Savchuk, in Afghanistan there are 1,500 mineral deposits.
There are large iron deposits in the Hajijak region, with 32 kilometers of solid deposits, with a useful component of 62 percent.
India, Iran and Afghanistan signed an agreement with New Delhi’s multi-million dollar investment in Chabahar port, while Tehran was responsible for building a railway to the Afghan city of Herat, but those plans are still pending.
In the Amu Darya region (Balk province) there is a hydrocarbon field with a capacity of 1.8 billion barrels of oil and 400 billion cubic meters of gas.
Savchuk said China signed an agreement in 2011 to exploit three fields there and promised to build an equal number of refineries.
In addition, the Asian giant aspires to participate in the extraction of supposed lithium reserves, which, according to geological studies in North America, are equivalent to about three trillion dollars. Russia can participate in the construction of a 1,700 km gas pipeline between Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India with a capacity of 33 billion cubic meters per year.
But the failure of the West’s mission in the Asian country also exposed divisions among the United States’ NATO allies, whose members were invited to that country when Washington demanded the application of Article 5 on collective security.
The Atlantic alliance is now showing its ugly face with scenes of desperation, disorderly departures and chaos at Kabul airport.
Commenting on the apparent failure of the operation, Germany’s Minister of International Relations, Heiko Maas, admitted to the weekly Der Spiegel that lessons should be drawn from the aforementioned disaster.
According to Foreign Affairs, the Doha agreement, which was signed by the United States and the Taliban in 2020, not only excluded the Afghan government, but also excluded allies, with exclusive guarantees for Washington.
Now, US President Joe Biden will face the challenge of his military and political failure in Afghanistan, the publication estimates.
However, it seems likely that with plans in place, particularly from Russia and China in the region, the White House will resort to chaos theory to fend off the eventual presence of other powers in the region.
The increasing resistance in the North, as it has more than two decades ago, to the power of the Taliban, could extend the instability on Afghan soil for a new period, to prevent any progress of other countries in some economic reorganization, without Washington.
The online daily Vzgliad warns that there are many doubts that the Pentagon is ready to suddenly abandon the Central Asian region.
A hypothetical meeting last April between the US Secretary of State, Anthony Blinken, with his counterparts from Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan contributed to the investigation of the return of the US military presence in Central Asia.
Fezgliad states that Kyrgyzstan closed the Manas air base, near Bishkek airport, which was operating from 2001 to 2014, and one in Karshi Hanobad, Uzbekistan, and one in Dushanbe, the Tajik capital, were also out of service.
RIA Novosti specialists note that for the Taliban’s destabilization plans, it seems that the United States left an indirect legacy for the Afghan army, which abandoned thousands of Hummer armored vehicles, hundreds of tanks, anti-aircraft systems and about 800 mortar shells.
The disastrous withdrawal of the United States could be a second season, with internal conflict, without a direct presence of its forces in Afghanistan, but with the aim of promoting regional instability.
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