August 14, 2022

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Mexico investigation at the archaeological site of Tizacalco of Teuhtli volcano

The foundation said in a statement that the study began with topography, photogrammetry, and recording work, and it is expected that in the second half of the year, if health conditions improve, exploration will begin at the site.

INAH explains the formation of the area thousands of years ago when, south of what is now Mexico City, various eruptions, including the Teuhtli volcano, precipitated ash and lava flows that, over time, created natural land suitable for agriculture.

This situation made it easier for human groups to settle the terraces for agricultural use and build small towns that are now being examined, as archaeological sites, by specialists from the Institute.

The note states that the Tezcalco archaeological project began in 2019 and is focused on studying the nuclear area of ​​the site and in various areas of the agricultural terraces that are still used by the peasants of the town of San Pedro Atoccán in Melba. Alta Mayor’s Office.

He notes that the site is so vast, it stretches along the entire southern slope of Teuhtli, a volcano highly respected in the area where people still climb on it to make offerings and ask for rain.

Although documentary research has been carried out so far, in addition to topography, photogrammetry, photo-taking, and analysis of surface materials, what has been studied allows to identify at least seven groups of structures in the nuclear zone.

There are about thirty pre-Hispanic buildings, among which there is a plaza, a possible palace complex, a momoctelli or a hill, which could have been an altar, since it preserves its steps, and a ticorpito – a stone building similar to an igloo, common in the area – which preserves on her inner room.

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The feature of its architecture is that it was built by the technique known as dry stone or bone, which consists of accumulating stone materials by the effect of gravity, without using any kind of cement.

But until excavations are carried out, it will be difficult for archaeologists to determine details about the function, time, and cultural affiliation of the remains in the area.