December 4, 2023

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Chile officially leads AI governance in Latin America

Chile officially leads AI governance in Latin America

Chile has taken the lead in AI governance across Latin America. In a historic meeting organized by the Ministry of Science, UNESCO and the Development Bank of Latin America and the Caribbean, 20 countries in the region signed the “Santiago Declaration to Promote Ethical Artificial Intelligence in Latin America and the Caribbean.”

This agreement highlights the region’s commitment to the responsible development and implementation of the agreement artificial intelligence (Amnesty International).

Latin American ministers meet in Chile to discuss artificial intelligence

The event brought together ministers and officials of digital and artificial intelligence policies from Argentina, Brazil and Chile, ColombiaCosta Rica, Cuba, and Ecuador, savior, GuatemalaHonduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Peru, Paraguay, Dominican Republic, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela.

Despite the multiplicity of countries, and as now stipulated by the latter Santiago Declaration; Chile will be the country that will lead the working group on AI governance in Latin America.

“In view of the above, we have decided: to elect the Republic of Chile to chair the working group, and we request that a working meeting be held during the first half of 2024. To facilitate this process, the countries commit to appointing a focal point.”

The importance of this consortium lies in the opportunity to work as a bloc to advance AI together. Whether in its use or in the ability to create and make strategic decisions.

The Minister of Science, Technology, Knowledge and Innovation, Aysen Echeverri, chaired the meeting and emphasized the uniqueness of this regional cooperation.

“This is something that did not happen with the Internet or when we started with machine learning and is happening now with artificial intelligence. This is unique and gives us an opportunity as countries to advance at a completely different speed and be players, not only through use, but also through the ability to create and define Where do we move forward?

In addition, Echeverry stressed the importance of AI governance at the global level, and stated that the United Nations will submit a proposal in this regard in December.

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The realization that Latin American countries plus Chile can join as a bloc in these talks is historic, and its continuity would allow the region to play an important role in global decision-making around artificial intelligence.

UNESCO Director praises Chile’s leadership on AI governance

Gabriela Ramos, Deputy Director-General for Social and Human Sciences at UNESCO, praised Chile’s leadership at this meeting.

He also highlighted the commitment of Latin America and the Caribbean to confront the challenges posed by generative artificial intelligence, with the aim of reducing inequality and bias and ensuring respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.

Ramos stressed that UNESCO and CAF are proud to support this process based on the AI ​​Ethics Recommendation, which has been approved by 193 countries and serves as a guide in these discussions.

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For his part, the CEO of the Latin American and Caribbean Development Bank, Sergio Díaz-Granados, stressed the importance of artificial intelligence as a tool for economic, social and productivity development.

Moreover, AI can be a necessary component of bridging digital, educational, and labor divides, and improving democratic systems overall.

Díaz Granados stressed the need to define multidisciplinary, comprehensive, equitable and just policies. This is not only for Chile but for all Latin American countries with regard to AI, taking into account the differences in the digital maturity of each country.

What does the Santiago Declaration mean for the development of artificial intelligence in Latin America?

The “Santiago 2023 Declaration” signed by the twenty countries reflects their commitment to ethics in the field of artificial intelligence. It is based on the UNESCO Recommendation on the Ethics of Artificial Intelligence. It constitutes a starting point for public policies on artificial intelligence and the protection of human rights as a whole.

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This includes aspects such as safety, security, fairness and non-discrimination. Including gender equality, accessibility and sustainability in all its aspects: social, cultural, economic and environmental.

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Moreover, with this declaration, Chile and other Latin American countries ensure greater monitoring of the situation Amnesty International. Immediate examples include the right to privacy, protection of personal data, information security, transparency and explainability.

Likewise, topics such as responsibility, accountability, awareness and education around AI are also discussed. In addition to the need for adaptive and multi-stakeholder governance and collaboration (the owners).

Finally, the importance of maintaining human oversight and decision-making at all times was emphasized.

This announcement, signed in Chile, represents a milestone in the responsible development of artificial intelligence in Latin America and the Caribbean. It has shaped the way towards a future in which technology is at the service of society. Likewise, respecting the moral values ​​and fundamental rights of people.

Regional cooperation in this area promises to be an important step towards the ethical and equitable use of artificial intelligence in the region.


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