G7 finance ministers from Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the UK and the United States – UK Finance Minister Rishi Sunak announced the deal in a video posted on Twitter on Saturday. “Reached a historic agreement to reform the global tax system to suit the global digital age, and most importantly, make sure it is fair so that the right companies pay the right taxes in the right places.”
Yellen said on Saturday that the deal was a “rich, unprecedented commitment” aimed at preventing companies from evading taxes from the world’s richest economies by diverting profits overseas.
“The G7 finance ministers have made a significant, unprecedented commitment today, which will give them tremendous momentum to achieve a strong global minimum tax rate of at least 15%,” Yellen wrote in the statement.
“That global minimum tax will end up below and below corporate taxation, and will ensure fairness for the middle class and working people in the United States and around the world,” he added, adding that the tax “is as positive as the domain for businesses and the training and training of our crews and investment in research and development and infrastructure. Encouraging countries to compete on platforms. “
Nick Clegg, Facebook’s vice president for global affairs, said in a statement, “The company has long called for global tax rules to be reformed, and we welcome significant improvements in the G7.”
“We want the international tax reform process to succeed, which means Facebook will pay more taxes and pay in different places,” Clegg added.
Google strongly supports the renewal of international tax rules, and said in a statement to CNN that “countries continue to work together to ensure that a balanced and lasting agreement is concluded soon.”
A spokesman for Amazon said, “We hope that the OECD-led process of creating a multilateral solution will help bring stability to the international tax system. The G7 agreement marks a welcome step in the effort to achieve this goal. To see the debate continue. ”
Forming a consensus
The deal marks a significant victory for the Biden administration ahead of next week’s G7 leaders’ summit in Cornwall, demonstrating its initial ability to build consensus within the group.
Under Yellen’s leadership, the United States was more difficult to reach such an agreement than the G7. Although it is separate from the 15% U.S. corporate minimum tax proposed by Biden as part of the current infrastructure negotiations, officials see it as an important part of his broader tax agenda.
Biden’s plan to pay at least $ 4.14 billion in new infrastructure spending is largely in support of a global minimum tax on companies that increase payments to the Treasury.
Establishing a minimum rate will encourage companies to shift their profits to lower tax-paying countries.
The agreement on Saturday will help speed up parallel tax negotiations between the 140 countries led by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
OECD Secretary-General Matthias Gorman welcomed the announcement on Saturday, saying it was “an important step towards a global consensus needed to reform the international tax system.” He added in the statement that the decision added “significant momentum” to the upcoming parallel tax talks.
Ireland, a country that has successfully recruited global companies – including major US technology companies – by offering a corporate tax rate of just 12.5%, has expressed significant reservations over the Biden program.