April 19, 2024

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The 13 most famous visual effects and their scientific explanation

The 13 most famous visual effects and their scientific explanation

Exploring the wonderful world of perception: How our brain interprets visual reality

A collection of optical illusions that challenge our perception, showing how our brain interprets, and sometimes distorts, the visual reality around us.

In the wonderful world of visual perception, visual effects play Critical role By pretending How our brain interprets visual information. These phenomena not only attract our attention because of their specificity, but they also provide valuable lessons about the workings of our minds. Next, we will analyze The 13 most famous visual effects, Immerse yourself in the wonders of cognitive science.

Main visual effects

They are bonzo

This effect shows how context affects our perception of size. According to Mario Ponzo, Which was discovered in 1911, we interpret the size of an object based on the background surrounding it, Which can lead us to wrong conclusions About the actual dimensions.

The 14 most famous visual effects and their scientific explanation, Bonzo

The Bonzo illusion shows us how our brain adjusts the perception of size based on visual context, revealing the interesting power of perspective in our interpretation of reality.

Fake movement

Even though we are looking at a static image, Interaction of contrasts of colours, shapes and placement It can create the illusion of movement, tricking our brain into perceiving animation where there is none.

The 14 most famous visual effects and their scientific explanation 2

Illusory movement captures our fascination by creating the impression of activity and fluidity in a still image, challenging our expectations and revealing the complexity of our visual perception.

Rotating rings

This effect occurs when we notice Contour style outside our direct visual focus, What can stimulate cognition? Rotary motion due to Interpretation of the brain High contrast patterns.

The 14 most famous visual effects and their scientific explanation 3

Spinning rings trick us into thinking we're perceiving rotation that doesn't exist, illustrating the surprising way our brains interpret static visual patterns as if they were moving.

Adelson's chessboard illusion

Presented by Edward H. Adelson, This illusion highlights how color perception is affected by lighting conditions and the visual environment, driving our perception Two plates of the same color As if they were different.

The 14 most famous visual effects and their scientific explanation 4 Adelson

Adelson's chessboard reveals the brain's amazing ability to interpret colors based on lighting context, showing that what we take to be visual facts can be surprisingly misleading.

Fraser's spiral illusion

Sir James Frazer described it, This illusion makes us see spirals when in reality there are concentric rings. It shows how our perception can be tricked by complex patterns.

The 14 most famous visual effects and their scientific explanation by Frazer

Fraser's spiral illusion challenges us by revealing that what we perceive as a continuous spiral is actually a series of concentric circles, revealing the complex way in which we interpret visual patterns.

The Ebbinghaus illusion

Our perception of Relative size They can be distorted by surrounding elements, as demonstrated by this illusion in which there appear to be two identical center points Different sizes due to their visual context.

The 14 most famous visual effects and their scientific explanation, Ebbinghaus

The Ebbinghaus illusion teaches us how the perceived size of an object can be dramatically altered by surrounding elements, highlighting the powerful influence of visual context on our perception of size.

Coffee wall illusion

This geometric illusion creates rows of squares appear slanted or curved, Although the lines separating them are parallel and straight, which shows how our brain works Can be fooled by repeating patterns.

The 14 most famous visual effects and their scientific explanation 10

The cafeteria wall illusion tricks our brains into believing that parallel straight lines are slanted or curved, showing how geometry and contrast can manipulate our perception of space

The illusion of the sparkling net

The intersections of this network are shown Show dark spots when moving the display, This could be due to a neural process known as lateral inhibition, although its full explanation is still under investigation.

The 14 most famous visual effects and their scientific explanation network

The shimmering mesh creates a flashing effect at the intersection points when we move our gaze, illustrating how simple optical phenomena can trigger complex illusions of motion and color in our perception.

Müller-Lyer illusion

perception Line length They can be changed by having arrows or tails at their ends, which shows how simple details can greatly impact our lives Visual interpretation.

The 14 most famous visual effects and their scientific explanation 12

The Müller-Lyer illusion surprises us by making lines of equal length appear to be different sizes due to the direction of the arrows at their ends, revealing how visual detail can distort our perception of spatial reality.

Hering illusion

Although they are parallel and straight lines, This seems to be a curve outward due to the radial background against which it is presented, highlighting how it modifies the context Our perception of form.

The 14 most famous visual effects and their scientific explanation 14

The Hering illusion tricks us by making straight, parallel lines appear to curve outward, illustrating the influence of background patterns on our interpretation of shape and direction.

Inverted perspective

Our mind expects Receding objects converge toward a point. When this does not happen, as in the case of two identical towers, we can perceive that one of them is leaning, Although in reality this is not the case.

The 14 most famous visual effects and their scientific explanation 17

Divergent perspective challenges our understanding of space by making identical structures appear tilted or apart, illustrating how our expectations about visual proximity can profoundly alter our perception of direction.

The illusion of oceanic drift

Observe a pattern in the center of our vision It can generate the illusion of movement in the ocean, A phenomenon that highlights the complexities of how we interpret light and shadow.

The 14 most famous visual effects and their scientific explanation 19

The illusion of peripheral drift plays with our perception by creating a sense of fluid movement in still images when we look at them out of the corner of our eyes, highlighting the way our brain resolves conflicts between patterns of light and shadow in our peripheral vision.

Bezold effect

Color can be visualized It changes dramatically depending on the colors surrounding it. As shown in this illusion where the same shade of red appears differently when next to it Contrasting color bars.

The 14 most famous visual effects and their scientific explanation 21

The Bezold effect reveals how color can dramatically change its appearance depending on neighboring colors, illustrating the complex interplay between color perception and surrounding visual context.

These 13 visual effects not only amaze and entertain us; It deepens our understanding of how we see the world, It reminds us that what we perceive is not always objective reality. Ultimately, these illusions invite us to do so Question and explore mysterious mechanisms From our visual perception.

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VFX not only amaze us with their visual mysteries, but also serve as a gateway to learning and scientific curiosity. From conducting 4 science experiments with kids at home that explore the basic principles of perception to delving into 10 mathematical problems that science has yet to solve, Visual Effects invites us to question and deepen our understanding of the world. These phenomena that They manipulate our way of interpreting reality, It reminds us that there is always more to discover and understand, encouraging young and old alike to indulge The exciting process of scientific discovery.

What is the most famous visual effect in the world?

Perhaps the most famous optical effect in the world is the Müller-Lyer illusion.