July 14, 2024

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Human-caused global warming is at an all-time high

Human-caused global warming is at an all-time high

The global surface temperature in 2023 will be 1.43°C higher than the pre-industrial average, while the Earth will experience 12 months of record heat. António Guterres proposes to impose a tax on the extraordinary profits of fossil fuel companies, “the godfathers of climate chaos”

The planet is warming at the highest rate ever observed, this comprehensive report released on Thursday reveals Global Climate Change Project (Global Climate Change Project). Led by scientists from the University of Leeds, UK, which will be presented during the preparatory meeting for the Baku Climate Summit (COP29) in Bonn.

Their results show that the global surface temperature in 2023 was 1.43 degrees Celsius higher than the average recorded in the period 1850-1900, including The global warming of 1.31°C is attributed to human-caused global warming. Natural climate fluctuations, particularly due to the El Niño phenomenon, have contributed to record temperatures in 2023, credited with a 0.12°C rise in temperatures.

If the results are analyzed from a decade perspective, the data show that in the past decade human-caused warming reached 1.19°C during the period 2014-2023, which represents an increase compared to the 1.14°C reached in 2014. Decade 2013- 2022 (collected in last year’s report).

“Godfathers of climate chaos”

And on this particular Wednesday, Environment Day, this became known Last month was the hottest May on record. It was also the twelfth consecutive month in which record temperatures were recorded, as confirmed by the Secretary-General of the United Nations. António Guterres, During an event at the Natural History Museum in New York he proposed a tax on the extraordinary profits of fossil fuel companies, taxes that could be used to fund the fight against climate change.

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The organization said, “The godfathers of climate chaos, namely the fossil fuel industry, are making record profits… It is a shame that the most vulnerable groups are left helpless and struggling hard to confront a climate crisis they did not cause.” The UN chief, who although did not name any specific company, asked fossil fuel sector leaders “not to waste the opportunity to lead the energy transition.”

Target 1.5 degrees

The Paris Climate Agreement set as a goal for the international community that the increase in global global temperature should not exceed 1.5 degrees compared to what it was at the beginning of the industrial era, to avoid the worst effects of climate change. According to what was stated in the report global climate change project, At the beginning of 2024, the remaining carbon budget – the amount of carbon dioxide that could be emitted into the atmosphere such that there is a 50% chance that the increase in the planet’s temperature would not exceed 1.5 degrees Celsius – was estimated at 200 billion tons of carbon dioxide. (GtCO2), equivalent to four years of current emissions.

Piers Forster, director of the Priestley Center at the University of Leeds, said: “Our analysis shows that the level of human-induced global warming has continued to rise over the past year, even though climate action has slowed the rise in greenhouse gases.”

According to this report, Since 2019, global concentrations of carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide have increasedTo reach 419.3 parts per million, 1922.5 parts per billion and 336.9 parts per million, respectively, in 2023.

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The Global Climate Change Project, which began in 2023 and involved 57 researchers from 15 countries, relies on the same indicators and the same methods used by the IPCC reports (the group of climate change experts associated with the United Nations), and its annual updates aim to fill the information gap that remains between all countries. An IPCC assessment cycle of five to ten years.